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About Indore

Indore thelargest city and the commercial capital of the central Indian state of MadhyaPradesh. It is situated on the Malwa Plateau, just north of the Vindhya Range. Indore isthe administrative headquarters of the Indore District and the Indore Division,and formerly served as the capital of the former princely state of Indore and the summer capital of the erstwhile state of Central India. 

The name Indoreoriginated from the Indreshwar temple constructed in 1741 by local landowners.

The ancestors of the founders of Indore were hereditary Zamindar's andindigenous landholders (Jagirdar's) of Malwa. In Mughal times, the founders ofthese families received titles such as Singh and Chaudhari, which establishedtheir claim to the land. In the 18’Th century, control of Malwa passed to thePeshwa clan, and the Chaudhari's came to be known as "Mandloi's (derivedfrom Mandals) because of the language they used and eventually the Holkar'sconferred the family with the title of Singh Raja. (pp. 68-70) Major GeneralSir John Malcolm's Central India Part I). Thefamily retained its possessions of royalty, which included having an elephant,Nishan, Danka and Gadi even after the advent of Holkar’s and also retained theright of performing the first puja of Dushera (Shami Pujan) before the Holkarrulers. Under Mughal rule, the family enjoyed great influence and was accordedconfirmatory sanads by the Emperors Aurangzeb Alamgir and Farukhshayar,confirming their 'Jagir' rights. Rao Nandlal Chaudhari Zamindar, upon visitingthe court of Delhi, received a special place in the emperor’s court along withtwo jewel studded swords (now at display in the Royal BritishMuseum under the family'sname) and confirmatory sanads. Raja Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur a personal friendof his gifted him with a special "Gold Langar" which guaranteed aspecial place to him in all the Durbars of India. The family’s respectabilityand influence over Malwa was instrumental in the ascent of the Peshwa's andHolkar’s to ruler ship of this region.

Rao Nandlal Chaudhari, the founder of Indore, was the ChiefZamindar (landlord), and had an army of 2000 soldiers. In 1713, Noam wasappointed as the controller of the Deccanplateau area, which renewed the struggle between the Marathas and the Mughal.From time to time the Maratha invaders kept harassing the people of Malwa andthus Nandlal Singh arranged to pay 25000 rupees to them in return forguaranteeing the safety and security of his people, upon which the invadersreturned back to the Deccan. (Memoirs ofMalwa: Major General Sir John Malcolm: year 1912)

While visiting the temple of Indreshwarnear the banks of river Saraswati, Nandlal singh found the location to be safeand strategically located, being surrounded by rivers on all sides. He startedmoving his people in, constructed the fort of Shree Sansthan Bada Rawala toprotect them from harassment by Marathas and Mughals. The city was namedIndrapur (after Lord Indreshwar), and eventually came to be known as Indore.
Baji Rao Peshwa finally received the Viceroyalty of Malwa in 1743 A.D. and wasbound by a treaty forbidding him from ever infringing upon the rights ofZamindar’s. Malhar Rao Holkar was one of the four signatories who guaranteedthe proper fulfillment of the conditions. (Major General Sir John Malcolm’s,Memoirs of Central India Vol. I page no. 94-95) upon victory the Peshwa’sappointed Malhar Rao Holkar as a “Subhedar”, which marked the beginning ofHolkar’s' reign in Malwa.

Thus, Indorecame to be ruled by the Maratha Maharajas of the Holkar dynasty. The dynasty'sfounder, Malhar Rao Holkar, (1694-1766), was granted control of Malwa Marathaarmies in 1724, and in 1733, was installed as the Maratha governor of theregion. By the end of his reign, the Holkar state was de facto independent. Hewas succeeded by his daughter Ahilyabai Holkar who ruled from 1767 to 1795. Sheruled from a palace-fort at Maheshwar, south of Indoreon the Narmada River. Ahilyabai Holkar was anarchitectural patron who donated money for the construction of Hindu templesacross India.In 1818, the Holkar’s were defeated by the British in the Third Anglo-MarathaWar, and the Holkar kingdom became a part of the British Raj. As a result ofthis defeat in the Battle of Mahidpur, the treaty of Mandsaur was signed,through which the Cantonment town of Mhowwas handed over to the British. The treaty also decreed that the capital of theHolkar state would shift from Maheshwar to Indore.

After India'sindependence in 1947, Indore,along with a number of neighboring princely states, became part of the Indianstate of Madhya Bharat. Indorewas designated the summer capital of this newly created state. On November 1,1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh and Bhopal chosen the capital. The city palacewas the seat of administration of the rulers of the Malwa region – The Holkar’s(26th May 1728 to 20 April 1948). The Rajbada was burnt in the 1984 riots, andthus converted into a garden, till 2006 when the present Maharani of Indore,H.H Ushadevi Holkar, decided to rebuild the wada to its past glory. H.HUshadevi Holkar invited architects Himanshu Dudwadkar and Shreya Bhargava todesign this challenging project and in 2007 the Rajwada found its place back inhistory. It became the only historic structure in India to have been rebuilt withexactly the same style, materials and method of construction as those of 250years ago.

Indore has a transitional climatebetween a tropical wet and dry and a humid sub-tropical climate. Three distinctseasons are observed, summer, monsoon and winter. Summer's start in mid-Marchand can be extremely hot. The average temperatures are around 32 °C (90 °F) buthumidity is very low. Due to Indore'slocation on the southern edge of the Malwa Plateau, a cool breeze (alsoreferred to as Shab-e-Malwa) in the evenings making summer nights quitepleasant. The monsoon season starts in late June, with temperatures averagingaround 26 °C (78 °F), with sustained, torrential rainfall and high humidity.Winter's start in mid-November and are dry, mild and sunny. Temperature'saverage about 18-20 °C (65-68 °F), but can fall close to freezing on somenights.

Indore gets moderate rainfall of35 to 38 inches (890 to 965 mm) during July-September due to the southwestmonsoon.

Transport

The city is well connected via rail, road and airtransport services. Indorehas for a long time been a rail and road transportation hub. To stay in Indore, there are a lot ofhotels and dharamshala's near the railway station and main bus station (Sarwatebus terminal and Gangwal bus terminal). Indorehas its own low floor, disabled people friendly city bus services (ICTSL) whichis always under GPS navigation, for faster and comfortable journey one can haveradio taxis.

·         Domestic Airport

Devi AhilyabaiHolkar Airport(IATA Code IDR, Lat 22.723 Long 75.805) Indoreis the busiest airport in the state Madhya Pradesh; it connects the state tomaximum cities in the country other than any city in the state. It connects Indore directly to Mumbai, Delhi,Gwalior, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad,Kolkata, Jabalpur, Raipur,Jaipur, Nagpur, Bangalore,Pune and Bhopal in India.

Major airlines operating flights to Indore include

·         IndianAirlines,

·         JetAirways,

·         AndKingfisher Airlines.

Airport lies around 8 km towards west from cityCentre and is easily accessible from every part of the city through publictransport.

Indore still lacks directconnectivity to major Indian cities like Chennai, Goa, Chandigarh,Lucknow, and Patna. Plans are underway to upgrade theairport to an international airport by the end of 2008. The airport providesfree wireless internet connectivity using Wi-Fi.

·         Railways

The Indore Junction INDB is part of the RatlamDivision of the Western Railways. The tracks leading into the city are notelectrified, but in 2008 Railway ministry approved the project ofelectrification of Ujjain-Indore Section and the work has be started and iscurrently being carried out.

Indore is one of the severalplaces in Indiawith both meter gauge and broad gauge railways tracks operational. Regulartrain services connect Indoreto most parts of the country. There are direct trains to Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta (Howrah), Chennai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Trivandrum,Jammu, Amritsar,Dehradun, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur,Kota, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Agra, Nagpur, Patna, Surat, Vadodara, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, and other majortowns.

For other major towns, trains are available from Ujjain, Khandwa, and Bhopalwhich can be reached by Train or road within 2-5 hrs. The Indore junction is the main station in thecity.

There are 7 Train Stations within city limitproviding local transport and short distance services to the various parts ofthe city.

Indore JunctionINDB

Lakshmibai Nagar

Rajendra Nagar

Saifee Nagar

Lokmanya Nagar

Rau

Mangaliagaon

Indore lies on the longestremaining functional meter gauge line in Indiabetween Ratlam and Akola.This meter gauge section is scheduled for conversion to standard broad gaugeunder project uni-gauge system of Indian Railways.

·         Roads

Indore is well connected to otherparts of Madhya Pradesh and Indiathrough national and state highways. There are some major highways which passthrough Indoreand connect it to some major cities.
The Major highways passing through the city are:

 
National Highway No. 3 (NH3 - Mumbai Agra)

National Highway No. 59(NH59 - Indore Ahmedabad)

State Highway No. 17 (Connecting Bhopal)

State Highway No. 27 (Indore to Khandwa)

There are daily bus services operated by privateoperators’ as well as government transport agencies of Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Rajasthan. Indore is well connected by multiple daily busservices to
Mumbai                    (593 KM)

Pune                        (610KM)

Ahmedabad             (382KM)

Nagpur                    (440 KM)

Vadodara                (323KM)

Surat                       (465 KM)

Jaipur                      (647KM)

Udaipur                   (410 KM)

Bhopal                     (188 KM)

Jabalpur              (494 KM)

Gwalior                    (486 KM)

Agra                        (604 KM)

Kanpur                    (695 KM)

Aurangabad            (402 KM)

Jhabua                    (150KM)

Apart from the long distance services, there aremany services to nearby places within the state. The bus services are operatedfrom 3 Major bus stands in the city

Sarvate Bus Stand (Near Indore Railway Station)

Gangwal Bus Stand (Western part of the citycatering to Bus services going towards Gujaratand Rajasthan)

Navlakha Bus Stand - Mainly used by PrivateOperators (Luxury / AC / Volvo bus services to various cities operate fromhere.)

·         Local Transport

Indore has one of the finestpublic transport systems. In December 2005, the municipal corporation launchedthe Indore City Bus service, an extensive service with 24 routes servicing mostareas in city. The service has received very favorable press, [12] and has beencalled the first modern bus system in India. The company runs 53 lowfloor buses, equipped with GPS devices, electronic sign boards and computerizedvending machines. The Indore City Bus corporation made a profit of 1 crorerupees within nine months of the inception of its operation and is seen as anexcellent model by several other mid size Indian cities.

The other means of local public transport are themini-buses (called Nagar Seva by the locals) and the Tempos, which are oftenovercrowded and uncomfortable. Auto rickshaws are a staple as in all otherIndian cities, to get around when other transportation is not available. Thetempos and auto-rickshaws are notorious for pollution, but the local governmenthas plans to replace the tempos with vans that run on Liquid Petroleum Gas(L.P.G.)

The Indore municipalcorporation also launched in 2005 the Indorecity van, a seven-seater Maruti Omni.


During the early 60's to the late 90's the trucking industry really boomed up Indore’s economy and madethe city popular for businesses. The trucking business from the 60's to the90's era was run mostly by Sikhs who had settled in from Punjab to Indore. 

INDORE CITY BUS: Indore, the largest metropolitan city of thestate of Madhya Pradesh, is fast emerging as a centre of trade and commerce. Inthe context of rapid growth of the city, increasing mobility, high traveldemand, increasing intensity of traffic, congestion, delays, accidents andother such problems, public mass transport system of the city stands out as themost critical issue. The intra-city public transport system is essentially roadbased with 500 private minibuses, 550 tempos and 10000 auto rickshaws. Sincethere was no specialized and effective regulatory agency to monitor the systema special purpose vehicle in the form of public limited company “ Indore CityTransport Services Ltd.” was set up to operate and manage the public transportsystem in Indore with private sector participation to overcome financialconstraints.

The aforesaid company has identified and tookpermission for 18 high travel demand routes from RTA and has already startedoperation of its 37 ultra-modern low floor buses. These city buses with 2 broaddoors are allowing passengers to board and alight quickly and easily, save timeand fuel, and give better run-times and improved economy to the bus operators.Real time vehicle tracking and fully computerized ticket vending system aresome other highlights. O&M and other regulatory measures are beingexercised by the company.

The main sources of revenue for the system are thefare box collection, advertising, passes revenue and bidding amount by privateparticipants. The optimum fare structure has been decided to meet twin objectiveof Equity access to poor and incentive for upper middle class to prefer thesebuses over their own vehicles. The fares have been kept reasonable to givehealthy competition to existing minibuses and tempos, low enough to securefullest utilization and high enough to ensure viability of the system withinthe government norms. System of monthly, weekly, employee and student passeswill ensure the fullest utilization of the new system.

Financial evaluation of the project was carried outwith the objective of determining its financial viability and assessing itspotential for implementation on a commercial format. At this stage, projectedfinancial analysis estimates the likely returns to the operators, company andpeople at large.

The great achievement is going to success, afteropening the MR-10 Roadand BRTS corridor. For public transport buses a special lane will be made forquick services also a special electronic device will be install in all buses,so that they can move smoothly on all red lights. When they activate thisdevice a few distances before reaching the red light the signals will get clearto go for the public bus smoothly.

Demographics

Indore is the most populous cityin Madhya Pradesh with population of about 1,597,445 according to the 2001 censusMale constitutes 53% of the population and females 47%. Indore has an average literacy rate of 72%,higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and femaleliteracy is 65%. In Indore,13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The city is undergoing a fastrise in population owing to its growing stature as a commercial city. Theaverage annual growth rate of population is around 3% as per the statistics ofcensus 2001. Hindi is the main language spoken here, however, being ruled byMarathas, there is a large Marathi speaking population; Punjabi & Sindhiare also spoken in Indore.Malvi is the local language spoken in Indoreand its surrounding regions.

Trade andcommerce

Indore is one of the fastestgrowing Tier II cities in India.It already is the commercial capital of central India. It’s a favored test marketfor industries owing to the diversity of its population. Plans are underway fora Software Park. Several shopping malls have beenconstructed since 2004 and have contributed to changing the staid feel of thecity.

·         Corporate presence

Indore is biggest contributor ofrevenues to the Madhya Pradesh government. The boom in the Indian SoftwareServices Industry has further helped in creating new jobs and improving theprosperity of the city. Companies like CSC (NYSE CSC), Impetus Technologies, Emphasis,Info Beans, Suvi Webdunia and hundreds of smaller and mid-size companies havecome up in the field of software. A Special Economic Zone is planned, to boostsoftware exports. Some big Indian companies, like TCS, are expected to startthere operations once the SEZ is in place. Indore has been a hub for the automobile,steel and alloy Industry. The nearby industrial hub Pithampur houses manyleading industries such as Hindustan Motors(presently known as Avtec Ltd ),Eicher Motors, Bajaj, Anant Steel, Metal man Group, Nicholas Piramal,Bridgestone, Larsen & Toubro, Crompton Greaves, Novino, Panjon andKirloskar Group, Chinese Construction Equipment Major Liugong.

 

The electronics complex, pardesipura in city alsohouses offices of some of the top IT companies in the country. The developmentof a mini auto cluster in Pithampur is being promoted by the Government ofIndia. The government has declared a budget of Rs.5000 crores for building the Asia's largest testing track for ground breaking researchand development.

Indore has also been a hub foragribusiness with several major companies involved in soybean processing havingfactories around the city. Raw Cotton export from Indore has recently started where facilitiesof Inland Container Deport at Pithampur is available. Cotton varieties likeMECH-1 and H-4 are regularly exported by exporters like Arham Syntex P. Ltd.,Manjeet Cotton, etc.

·         Traditional businesses

Indore is also a center forgarment industry. Long back, Textile mills (Hukumchand Mill, Swadeshi Mill, etal) were for a long time the pride of the city. Although, these mills have beenshut down - a few have even been dismantled - Indore still has a regional stronghold in wholesalegarment business. Textile Exporters like Arham Syntex P. Ltd., Spentex, etc.have come up in recent which are exporting Yarns and Cotton and have globalpresence. Indorewas always a major center for retailing industry. Indorealso boasts of being the best shopping destination in central India. Theconstruction of several new shopping malls like the Treasure Island, MangalCity, Orbit, M2K Mega Mall , Cine Mall, Indore Center, C21 Mall (10 FloorMall)and more coming soon, have helped it manage this reputation. There aretraditional markets near Jawahar marg, Rajwada, Siyaganj and Ranipura, wherethere are whole sellers of almost all sorts of goods. Jail road market hasbecome the biggest whole sale & retail market in the region for mobileaccessory & repairing.

Software Technology Park Indore

The M.P. State Electronics Development Corporation has set up SoftwareTechnology Parks in major cities of the state to encourage commercialdevelopment in the area. The Optel Software TechnologyPark at Indore is part of this project. The Park hasbeen able to take advantage of its being located in the commercial capital ofMadhya Pradesh. Key advantages include its central location, and asocio-industrial infrastructure that is comparable to that available in othermetros, but at a lower cost.

Indore has been touted as thecommercial capital of Madhya Pradesh. Formerly a major trading centre, thecity, along with its satellite townships of Pithampur and Dews, has establisheditself as a strong industrial base. The era of liberalization has seen Indore at the forefrontof a number of privatization initiatives which include the country's first tollroad and private telephone network. In the midst of such vibrant industrialactivity, the city maintains its link with its glorious past. Indore has witnessed the reign of one of thegreatest women in Indian history, Rani Ahilyabai Holkar. Malhar Rao Holkar, thefather-in-law of Ahilyabai was bestowed Indrashwar or Indrapur (from which thename Indore wasderived) by the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao. Widowed when she was barely out of herteens Rani Ahilyabai took the responsibility of Indore into her own hands and wasinstrumental in planning and building this city. 14 generations of the Holkardynasty ruled Indorefor 220 years. On 16th June 1948, the Holkar Statewas officially merged with the Indian republic.

Indore is well connected by road,rail and air with the Agra-Mumbai highway passing through the city. It isstrategically located, being in close proximity to Mumbai (593 km) and Delhi (807 km) both ofwhich are connected by daily flights operated by Kingfisher, Jet Airways andIndian Airlines.

Top IT companies located at Indore http://www.impetus.com/, http://www.csc.com/

Education

Indore is a major educationalcenter of Madhya Pradesh and has many well-known institutions. Indore University,now Devi Ahilya Vishwa Vidhyala (DAVV) and Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute ofTechnology and Science (SGSITS, formerly also known as GSTI) is ranked amongstthe top universities in Central India. ShriVaishnav Polytechnic, Indore is the top rankedpolytechnic school in M.P and also has a position in top 10 polytechnics in Asia.

The city boasts one of India's best business schools - theIndian Institute of Management. There are also a number of good engineeringcolleges like

1. TrubaCollege of Engineering &Technology (TCET),

2. Medicaps institute of technology and management(MITM),

3. IES-IPSA (Institute of Engineering & Science- IPS Academy),

4. Shri Vaishnav Institute of Technology andScience (SVITS)

5. Acropolis Institute of technology

6. Laxmi Narayan Group of Engineering Colleges(LNCT Group)

7. Indore Institute of Science & Technology (IIST)

which are imparting quality education to thestudents in the field of technology and engineering.

The MahatmaGandhi MemorialMedical Collegeis well known, both nationally and abroad.
Educational Multimedia Research Centre (EMRC), Devi Ahilya University is one of17 media centre of UGC is carrying out media production for UGC and running twoelectronic media courses (MBA Media Management & M.Sc. Electronic Media).
Institute of ManagementStudies (IMS) and International Institute of ProfessionalStudies (IIPS) are other esteemed colleges of Indore. These institutes offer courses thatare provided only by much selected colleges in the country i.e. Courses likeintegrated MCA (6yrs), MTech (5 1/2 yrs). IMS and IIPS boast of an extensivenetwork of alumni in various arenas and industries. In addition, the Holkar ScienceCollege has been regardedas one of the most prestigious colleges of science in the country for much ofthe last century. It is also one of the oldest science colleges; it wasestablished in 10th June 1891.

The city does not fall behind in primary andsecondary education. Perhaps the best known school is the DalyCollege, [4], The Bhavan's Prominent School, which is rated amongst the topschools of the country. Other good schools include ChoithramSchool, DelhiPublic School, The Emerald HeightsInternational school (affiliated to Cambridge University (UK)), Imperial Academy,Indore PublicSchool, South Indian CulturalAssociation School(SICA school), Sri Sathya Sai Vidya Vihar, St. Paul'sHigher SecondarySchool, St. Raphael's GirlsSchool, Vidyasagar School.

Raja Ramanna Centre for Advance Technology,formerly Center of Advance Technology, is one of India'sforemost scientific research institutions. It is primarily devoted to atomicresearch.

Indore has developed as a big hubfor preparing students for higher education. There are a number of coachingcenters that prepare students for entering into various Indian andinternational educational institutions.
Now Indore can boast the ONLY CITY IN THECOUNTRY to have both IIM - The Indian Institute of Managementand the IIT - Indian Institute of Technology.

Media

Indore is also a traditionalpowerhouse for the game of basketball which has been growing in popularity overthe last 3 to 4 decades. Indore is also the homeof India's first National Basketball Academyand a world class indoor basketball stadium. Indore has successfully organized various NationalBasketball Championships.

India's legendary cricket player,RahulDravid was born in Indore.

List ofGrounds

Central Gymkhana Ground, Indore

Daly CollegeGround, Indore

Emerald HighSchool Ground, Indore

Industrial Training Institute Ground, Indore

Maharani Usharaje Trust Cricket Ground, Indore

Nehru Stadium, Indore

Yeshwant Club Ground, Indore

The list of noted cricketers includes Col. C. K. Naidu,Jamshed Nusserwanji Bhaya, Captain Mushtaq Ali, Narender Hirwani, Amay Khurasiaand Sanjay Jagdale. Other well-known sportspersons are late Dr. Sharma(Basketball) and Manas Mishra (football/soccer). Dhyanchand Shankar Laxman& Saleem Sherwani Hockey Player also From Indore (Mhow tehsil) another upcoming sportis football (soccer). Pioneered by floodlit 5-a-side tournaments in YeshwantClub, it is gaining popularity all over the city. Yeshwant Club is Indore's number one club house & one of the premierclubs of India.It also has Mini Golf Course, Lawn Tennis Courts, Racquet Ball courts,Badminton, Swimming, Gymnasium, Billiards Room, Library, Jogging tracks andother sports. Members of the club get together on various occasions. It alsohas a restaurant & a bar. Yeshwant Club is situated at Yeshwant Colonyi.e., M.G. Road& Race Course Road.Indore Tennis Club is on the backside of Yeshwant Club.

The famous Yeshwant Club Ground in Indore,the scene of many heroic deeds by the legendary Holkar team of the 1940s, hassince been superseded by the Nehru Stadium, which sports a statue of CK Naidu, Indore's favorite son ofthat era, outside its main entrance as a concession to tradition. India havewon only one of their six ODI's at this venue, which includes one tie againstZimbabwe in the Hero Cup of 1993-94 and one 'No Result' against Sri Lanka fourseasons later. The latter match was called off after just three over’s, bothcaptains concurring with the match referee that the pitch was too dangerous tobe played on. An exhibition match was held instead to indulge a 25,000 crowd. Indore was briefly suspended from staging games, but itwas again taken off the list of grounds after Australia played an ODI in 2000-01even though extensive work has been undertaken to modernize the venue.

The first one-dayer was in 1983-84, but by far themost arresting performance at the Nehru Stadium was been Ian Botham'sbludgeoning 48 ball hundred in 1981-82 against a respectable Central Zoneattack comprising Gopal Sharma, Rajinder Singh Hans and Parthasarathy Sharma.Botham survived two chances before his luck finally ran out on 122, collectedfrom 55 balls and decorated with 16 fours and seven sixes. Mike Gatting at theother end made just 10 in the same time.

Healthcare

Indore is prominent in India for itsuniversal health care facilities with leading hospitals and pharmaceuticalcompanies.

The prominent hospitals of Indore include

Maharaja YashwantraoMedical College and Hospital

Choithram Hospital and Research Centre

CHL ApolloHospital

Bombay Hospital

Vishesh Hospital

DR Hardia's Eye Hospital

Gokuldas Hospital and Research Centre

Dental College & Hospital

Bhandari Hospital and Research Centre

National Pathology Lab

Apart from these, there are many other mid size andsmall nursing homes and care centers catering to various ailments.

Indore is a major regional hub formedical care and there are adequate facilities available for Cardiothoracic andBypass surgeries, Sleep Studies, Allergy Test, Immunotherapy, Total knee andhip replacement. The Facilities are rated 8th in Rank in India by One ofprominent Magazine.

Culture

Over the years the city of Indore has welcomed people from all castes,creed and color. People from all corners of the country have migrated &settled in the heart of Madhya Pradesh for their livelihood, education or justfor its peaceful culture. Indoretoday can boast of being a true cosmopolitan city with people of various ethnicand linguistic groups living in perfect harmony. Indorealso has an INTACH (Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage)chapter, which is currently engaged in preserving, documenting and conservingthe rich heritage of Indore.The convener of Indorechapter is Mrs. Gita Sanghi and Co-Convener is Ar. Himanshu Dudwadkar. Indore has a varied mixof architecture which ranges from Maratha, Mughal, to Colonial and Art deco.The presence of organizations such as INTACH has surely paved the way for Indore to successfullyrestore its glorious past.

The people are highly social and progressive whichis why all cultures from south, north, east & west have mingled in the lifeof Indorians reflecting the true spirit of unity in diversity.

The mixed culture can be invariably seen in thetypical food habits ranging from South Indian 'Idli-Dosa’, 'Vada-Sambhar' to'Dal-Bafla' typical Malwa Food.

Indore is famous for its culinaryrange. People of Indore(and for that reason, the entire Malwa) are well known gastronomes. Sweets andNamkeen (tasty salted snacks - a typical Indian preparation) of Indore are famous all over India. Sarafa (Jewellry market,near Rajwada) and Chappan Dukan (56 shops) are the two well known gourmethangouts of the city. A special dish of the Malwa region, including Indore, is the Dal Bafla.

Indore is known for its widevariety of "Namkeen", Gujarati and Indochinese restaurants, andBengali & Rajasthani sweets.
The staple food (snacks) of the city is Poha-Jalebi. People are also fond ofSabudane-ki-Khichdi. Life in Indorestarts early with cups of 'Chai' (tea) with Poha & Jalebi followed by lunchwhich invariably includes popular 'besan' (gram flour) preparations. Later inthe day one can easily find snacks like 'Khaman', 'Kachori' - 'aloo kachori', 'Dalkachori', 'Dahi Chat', 'Tokri Chat', 'samosa', 'petis', 'Baked Samosa', 'Bhelpuri', 'Pani Puri', 'Mathri' etc. Numerous shops of sweets have enjoyed nicebusiness in Indore.Late nights another market comes alive at 11:00 PM in Sarafa (in the heart ofcity) where one finds lots of delicacies to enjoy after a nice dinner like -'Gajak', 'Bhutte ka kis', 'Dahi Bada' 'Gulab Jamun', 'Garadu', 'Rabri', 'aalotikiya', 'Halwa (JMB Gajar, Moong)', ice-cream, milkshakes, rabdi (milkcustard), malpuye, etc. and finally tasty 'paan' to end your day.

Indore is also famous for its non-vegetariancuisine. Muglai dishes are very famous. Gastronomous Chicken Lollipops,Chicken-Tikka, 'Murg-Malai', 'Biryani', 'Nalli Gosht', 'Paye' and often naharigosht is very famous. Bafle-Gosht is a delicacy of Indore and Malwa Region.

Sweets: Moong ka Halwa, Gajar ka Halwa, Rabri GulabJamun, Ras Malai, Ras Gulla, Mithe Tukade, Bengali Sweets and the thickShikanji.

Savories: Sev with all its varieties, Mixtures ,Dhania-Chivda, Dal Moth, Papdi, Gathiya, Khaman, Kachori-Samosa, Petis, Garadu,Aalo Tikiya, Pani-Puri, Bhel-Puri, Saboodana Khichadi, Dahi Bada, Pakoda,Bhutte ka Kis.
Drinks: Shikanji (Milk Preparation with Dry Fruits), Lassi, Cold Milk, Hot BoiledMilk with Malai dry fruits & keshar, Jal-Jira, Nimboo Shikanji, FruitJuice, Shakes, Ice cream Soda, Santrola.

Main Festivals

All national festivals, Eid, Ganeshotsav,Deepavali, Gudi Padwa, Bhaubeej and other others like Nagpanchmi, Ahilya Utsav,are celebrated with equal enthusiasm.

Indore celebrates Rang Panchami.This festival is celebrated five days after Dhulandi. This is also celebratedlike Holi, but colors are mixed with water and then either sprinkled or pouredon others. The local municipal corporation arranges a special event in whichthey sprinkle color mixed water in the main streets of old Indore.
Ganeshotsav is the main festival after Deepavali and is celebrated in a uniqueway in Indorecity. In earlier times, when textile mills flourished in Indore, the workers of these mills contributedmoney and labour to arrange a carnival of floats (known as "Jhanki"in local Hindi language).

Makar Sankranti is a 'Kite Festival' when peoplefly kites and competitions are held to cut each other's kites in the sky on14th January each year.

Gudi Padwa is the New Year for maharashtrians as Indore has a large maharashtrianpopulation Gudi Padwa is celebrated widely.

(Eid,) Eid-ul-fitr concludes 30 days of fastingduring the holy month of Ramazan for the Muslim community.
CHETI-CHANDRA IS CELEBRATED BY "SINDHIS" IN THE MONTH OF APRIL, ASTHE BEGINNING OF NEW YEAR.

Governmentand politics

Politically, Indoreis a traditional BJP (Bharatiya Janta Party) stronghold.

Total Number of Parliamentary Seats: 1

Member of Parliament - Sumitra Mahajan – BJP

Total Number of Constituencies for State Assembly :9

Indore 1

Indore 2

Indore 3

Indore 4

Indore 5

Rau

MHOW

Sanver

Depalpur

City Mayor: Mrs. Uma Shashi Sharma

District Collector: Rakesh Shrivastava – IAS

Superintend of Police: Mr.Sanjeev Shami- IPS

Indore Development Authority President: Madhu Verma

Places ofinterest

Shree SansthanBada Rawala- Historical home of the founder of Indore,Rao Nandlal Chaudhari. It contains the famous personal library ofphilanthropist Niranjan Zamindar and has over 28,000 books and other artifactsof historical importance.

Rajwada - A seven storied palacebuilt during the Holkar era. The main wada (the kings' residence) was rebuiltrecently to its original glory by Ar. Himanshu Dudwadkar and Shreya Bhargavaand funded by Maharani Ushadevi Holkar.

Lal Baugh Palace- A beautiful palace spread across 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land. It is now amuseum and one can see the artifacts of the Holkar era.

Kanch Mandir - Digambar Jain temple withexquisite glass work

KrishnapuraChhatri - Bythe banks of the much polluted KhanRiver, it is at a walkingdistance from Rajwada.

DevlalikarKala Vithika- A well-known art gallery named after famous painter Vishnu Devlalikar

KhajranaGanesh temple- Temple of Lord Ganesha.

Mhow (Military Headquarters ofWar) Cantonment - An old Cantonment town near Indore, founded in 1818. Has a very charmingmarket and an old world charm. Foreigners cannot enter without permission.

Patal Pani - A beautiful waterfallnear Mhow Patal Pani has a small railway station - the first after Mhow as onetravels on the meter gauge track towards Khandwa.

The temple of Janapao - On the Bombay-AgraNational Highway-3 road. 16 km from Mhow. The temple is on top of a hill in thevillage of Kuti. According to legend, it is the placewhere Jamadagni, the father of Parshurama, had his ashram. It is famous for amela (fair) held on Kartik Purnima - the first full moon after Diwali,

Kajligarh - Nearly 20 km towardsKhandwa on Khandwa road, it’s a very small old ruined fort situated near to abeautiful valley & small waterfall. Its worth watching during & afterthe rainy season. An Ideal one day outing spot which is yet unknown to evenmost of the Indorites

Thincha Falls - Located close toKajligarh, its a beautiful waterfall near Simrol. Breathtaking beauty is whatdescribes it the best. A must see during and after monsoons.

Annapurna Temple - A nice HinduTemple, primarily of goddess Annapurna, in the west region of the city.

Mhow - A small and beautifultown 22 km away from Indore having pride of being birth place of Creator ofIndian Constitution "Baba Saheb Bheemrao Ambedker".